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What is RIDDOR?

Workplace safety is paramount. As a business owner, it's essential to be aware of what constitutes a reportable incident and the necessary steps to take. RIDDOR stands for the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations. Here's a simplified guide to help you navigate this crucial aspect of business operations.


Reportable Incidents: Deaths and Injuries

  • Death: Any work-related death, except suicides, must be reported.

  • Specified Injuries to Workers: These include:

    • Fractures (excluding fingers, thumbs, and toes).

    • Amputations.

    • Permanent loss or reduction of sight.

    • Crush injuries affecting the brain or internal organs.

    • Burns covering more than 10% of the body or damaging vital organs.

    • Scalping requiring hospital treatment.

    • Loss of consciousness due to head injury or asphyxia.

    • Injuries from working in enclosed spaces leading to hypothermia, heat-induced illness, or hospitalization for over 24 hours.

  • Over-Seven-Day Incapacitation: If an injury causes an employee to be away from work for more than seven days (excluding the day of the accident but including weekends), it must be reported within 15 days.

  • Over-Three-Day Incapacitation: Injuries causing more than three days of incapacitation should be recorded but not necessarily reported.

  • Injuries to Non-Workers: If a member of the public gets injured and is taken directly to the hospital, it should be reported. However, precautionary hospital visits without apparent injuries don't need reporting.


Occupational Diseases

Employers must report certain work-related diseases, including:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome.

  • Severe hand or forearm cramp.

  • Occupational dermatitis.

  • Hand-arm vibration syndrome.

  • Occupational asthma.

  • Tendonitis or tenosynovitis of the hand or forearm.

  • Any occupational cancer.

  • Diseases from exposure to biological agents


Dangerous Occurrences

These are near-miss events that could have resulted in serious harm. Examples include:

  • Equipment failures, like lifts.

  • Accidental contact with overhead power lines.

  • Unintended release of harmful substances.

There are 27 categories of dangerous occurrences that are relevant to most workplaces. There are specific categories for mines, quarries, offshore workplaces, and transport systems.


Further guidance on these dangerous occurrences is available on the HSE website: https://www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/index.htm.


Gas Incidents

Those involved in the gas industry, such as distributors and suppliers, must report incidents related to flammable gas that result in death, unconsciousness, or hospital treatment. Registered gas engineers should also report any gas appliances or fittings they deem dangerous.


Ensuring the safety of both workers and the public is a significant responsibility for business owners and its management. By understanding and adhering to reporting guidelines, you can contribute to a safer work environment for everyone.


RIDDOR Reporting Guidance - HSE
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